16. Guithavon Street

 

The old Police Station in Guithavon Street (now demolished)
The old Police Station in Guithavon Street in 1982 (since demolished)

People often ask me where the street name “Guithavon” comes from. It was invented by Witham’s William Henry Pattisson in 1842, when he gave the land for Guithavon Street to be laid out. Previously there had just been a footpath.

He decided that Guithavon had been the old Celtic name for Witham, with Guith meaning dividing and Avon meaning river. However there is no evidence for this.

Guithavon Street was built to provide sites for the new church (All Saints), and new schools, the National Schools.  However, it also gave access to some more of Mr Pattisson’s land, on which pleasant houses and public buildings were built.

Here I am just going to mention two of the lesser-known buildings.

First is the Police Station (above), which was built in 1849, nine years after Essex’s first full-time police force had been founded. It included houses for the Superintendent and for one of his juniors, with their families. Usually a young single constable lodged there too. There was also a room for the court of Petty Sessions.

Then there were the cells, where alleged offenders were put when they were first arrested. In 1861 Henry Carter, a farm labourer, was in a cell on census night,  charged with stealing wheat from a farmer.

After the police moved to their new station in 1937, this old one in Guithavon Street became a County Council clinic. Mothers like me, who took their children there during the 1970s, will remember the very small toilet cubicles that had previously been the cells.

The building was demolished during the 1980s to make way for Mill Vale Lodge.

The Old Savings Bank, 19 Guithavon Street
The Old Savings Bank, now 19 Guithavon Street (in 1982)

My other special building is the Witham Savings Bank (above). It had been founded in 1817 in Newland Street, and then moved into its new building in Guithavon Street in about 1850 (now number 19, known as Colne House).

The principles of Savings Banks were established earlier in the century. They were intended for people who did not have much money, and were non-profitmaking.

The trustees, treasurers and managers at Witham were volunteers from the local gentry. Prominent amongst them was the vicar, Revd John Bramston, which may explain the crosses on the building. A paid secretary or actuary lived in. An early schedule shows that the savers mostly comprised labourers, servants and minors.

The Bank closed in about 1895 but the building remains. I think it is particularly splendid. I  have asked several times whether it might be listed as being of historic interest, but I’ve had no luck so far. So if any readers would like to have a go, please do.

 

A version of this article appeared in the Braintree and Witham Times in December 2011

2 thoughts on “16. Guithavon Street”

  1. Gwuith would more likely be derived from the word for woods, in modern Welsh that would be Gwydd and backforming that into Brittonic (the celtic you speak of) could very well produce Guit. Using some imagination one can imagine a Romano British settlement called Guit which became known as a “ham” as Anglo Saxon took over as a language in the area and produced Guitham or ‘Uitham with the loss of the initial G, a common phenomenon in Brittonic and indeed Welsh where it is followed by a W sound.

    1. Hello Gareth, sorry for the delay. Thanks for your observation, I didn’t know about the word for woods. However, I don’t think that the people who invented the name Guithavon in the 1840s knew about it either. They took “Guith” to mean “separating”, and so the whole word to mean “separating river”. I think some thought that was where the name Witham itself originated, though as far as I know there is no written version that describes it as Guithavon. So no way for the 19th-century gents, or us, to have any evidence of that being the origin of Witham. Well I’m rambling now – do send more comments if you like.

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